Organic Farming Principles, Types, and Techniques- Khetigaadi 2022

History of Organic Farming:

Sir Albert Howard, F.H. King, Rudolf Steiner, and others developed the concept of organic farming because they believed that using animal manures, crop rotation, biologically-based pest controls, and cover crops resulted in a better farming system.

What is Organic Farming?

Organic farming is an agricultural process in India that uses pest control derived from organic manure and animal or plant waste.

What are the basic principles of organic farming?

There are total 4 basic principles of organic farming are:

Principles of Health
Principles of Care
Principles of Fairness
Principles of Ecology

Types of organic farming:

Pure organic farming and integrated organic farming are the two types of organic farming. These farming methods have both benefits and drawbacks. Some farmers practise pure farming, whereas others practise integrated farming.

Pure Organic Farming: All unnatural chemicals are avoided in pure organic farming. Natural cultivation methods are used in this process. Farmers use natural fertilisers and pesticides in this farming process, such as bone meal, blood meal, and so on.

Integrated Organic Farming: This process is introduced by the Indian Institute of Farming Systems Research (IOFS). Integrated Organic Farming is a cyclical, zero-waste method in which waste products from one process are recycled as nutrients for other processes.

Different Methods of organic farming are:

Soil Management
Crop diversity
Crop rotation
Green Manure
Weed Management
Biological pest control
Controlling other organisms

Why Organic farming is important?

Organic farming is the best agricultural process for increasing fertility, soil structure, biodiversity, environmental health, and reducing erosion.

This process helps to reduce agricultural production costs, improve soil structure, and maintain and improve environmental health.